Letâ€™s not portray casual sharing as more heroic than it is, though. A network of friends with institutional connections is not a luxury that everyone has. Emailing papers doesnâ€™t fix a system in which the most cutting-edge knowledge is only available to a few people. If anything, casual sharing of limited-access papers only underscores the problem: limiting access to research keeps knowledge away from people without the same connections and privileges.
Source: Open Access Is a Human Rights Issue | Electronic Frontier Foundation
Open access isn’t explicitly covered in any of the secretive trade negotiations that are currently underway, including the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), the Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), and the Trade In Services Agreement (TISA). But that doesn’t mean that they won’t have a negative impact on those seeking to publish or use open access materials.
Source: How Trade Agreements Harm Open Access and Open Source | Electronic Frontier Foundation
When taxpayers pay for research, everyone should have access to it. Thatâ€™s the simple premise of the Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act of 2015 (S.779, H.R.1477), or FASTR. If enacted, FASTR would keep federally funded research where it belongs, in the hands of the public.
Source: FASTR Ensures that Publicly Funded Research Belongs to the Public | Electronic Frontier Foundation
From scientific research to lawmaking, open access enables participation Open access is the practice of making research available online, for free, ideally under licenses that permit widespread dissemination. This yearâ€™s theme for Open Access Week is â€œopen for collaboration,â€ and that theme hits on whatâ€™s really exciting about open access. Open accessâ€”both in academia and beyondâ€”enables a kind of collaboration that can scale very quickly.
Source: When You Work in the Open, Everyone Can Be a Collaborator | Electronic Frontier Foundation
One of the convictions that drew law professor and former EFF board member, Lawrence Lessig, to co-foundÂ Creative CommonsÂ was that a narrow and rigid application of copyright lawÂ made no senseÂ in the digital age. Copying digital information over long distances and at virtually no cost is what the Internet does best; indeed, it wouldn’t work at all if copying wasn’t possible.
If all online copying requires permissionâ€”a worldview that Lessig has termedÂ permission cultureâ€” then a huge part of our modern systems for conveying and creating knowledge will always require explicit and prior permission to operate to avoid risk of future lawsuits. It is permission culture that leads to absurd results such as theÂ criminal charges levied against Diego GomezÂ for sharing an academic publication with colleagues online.
Creative Commonsâ€”and by extension, the broader open access movement that often relies on Creative Commons licensesâ€”pushes back against this worldview, in favor of an alternative vision of free culture, in which creative and knowledge works are freely exchanged, and where demanding permission for re-use and sharing can be the exception, rather than the rule.
via Where Copyright Fails, Open Licenses Help Creators Build Towards a Future of Free Culture | Electronic Frontier Foundation.