From phones to cars to refrigerators to farm equipment, software is helping our stuff work better and smarter. But those features come at a high hidden cost: the rapid erosion of ownership. Why does that matter? Because when it comes to digital products, owners haveÂ rights. Renters on the other hand, have onlyÂ permission.
The source of the problem is simple: copyright. You may own yourÂ device, but your use ofÂ the software in itÂ is usually governed by the terms of an End-User License Agreement (or EULA). And that license agreement is likely to restrict your ability to tinker with your stuff. Typical clauses forbid reverse-engineering (e.g., figuring out how the software works so you can adapt it), transfer (e.g., giving it to a friend or selling it on the secondary market), and even using â€œunauthorizedâ€ repair services at all.
And then thereâ€™s repair-manual lockdown, which happens when manufacturers refuse to publish crucial repair information (including the manuals themselves, but also things like diagnostic codes for cars)â€”and then threaten to sue anyone else who tries to do so with a lawsuit for copyright infringement.
The end result: fair uses are impeded, users are disempowered and trained to go hat in hand to the Apple store just to change a battery (rather than doing it themselves). Users are forced to make do withÂ DRM-crippled devicesÂ that areÂ fundamentally defectiveÂ andÂ compromiseÂ ourÂ security.